It’s easy to differentiate between language and reality or actuality. We can say that a text is “just words,” but a bridge and a street and a mountain and a toilet are real.
The bridge, the street, the mountain and the toilet are as real and unreal as the text, and what meaning, or reality, they have comes from our reading of them. But we usually know that we are reading a text, and we usually don’t know that we are reading a bridge.
In English, when asking for a description of an experience, we usually ask, “What is it like?”
Perhaps it would be more useful, in writing and thinking, not to automatically fall into comparison, but, instead of showing what it’s like, aim to show what it is.
Pro-fluoridation group Healthy Kids, Healthy Portland’s bribing of minority organizations didn’t work. The attempt to put fluoride in Portland’s water was soundly defeated yesterday - for the fourth time.
I wonder if they’ll now try spending money on outreach and care rather than dogma and tokenism. Perhaps they could even try talking to people instead of trying to buy them.
Today is the final day of voting in the Portland special election that will decide whether fluoride is added to the city’s water.
Most U.S. cities already have fluoride in the water. Portland is the largest city that doesn’t. Portland residents have repeatedly voted against it. Recently, the city council decided to implement it anyway, but enough citizens signed a petition to call a special election.
Science is on the side of those who are pro-fluoridation; there is evidence that it can reduce cavities by 25 percent during a person’s lifetime, and there is scant evidence that it is hazardous to health. That question has not yet been resolved, but, if it were, and if I were convinced of both the benefits and the safety of fluoridation, I would still be inclined to vote No, and this is why:
As Willamette Week - which favors fluoridation - reported, Healthy Kids, Healthy Portland, the organization that is pushing for fluoridation, has paid $143,000 in bribe money to get minority organizations to endorse its campaign.
“Fluoride and dental health are really important to low-income communities and communities of color,” says Healthy Kids, Health Portland campaign manager Evyn Mitchell. “We are trying to provide capacity to the groups that will do the outreach.”
If that’s the case, then why did Mitchell’s organization have to buy support in those communities?
The argument goes that children in low-income families will benefit the most from fluoridation, because they have less access to dental care than the great and the good on the City Council who tried to make the decision for them.
This is not democracy. It is not social responsibility. It is not compassion. It is classism and racism. Instead of doing outreach, instead of talking to poor people and people of color and asking what they want and need, the great and good have decided that they know best. Instead of offering dental care, just put some fluoride in the water, and those who have no choice but to drink it might save $38 in dental bills in a lifetime.
To vote No on this issue is not just to vote against what some regard as contamination of some of the purest and cleanest municipal water in the nation - it is also a vote against arrogance and cultural imperialism. It is a vote for inclusion and care, and a vote against easy fixes.
The French magazine Marianne recently described Larry Fondation as “the Raymond Carver of Roman Noir.” I think the comparison flatters Carver.
Fondation’s new story collection, Martys and Holymen, was published this month. To coincide with that, I republished his earlier collection, Common Criminals, which was first published in 2003 and had been out of print for some years.